: At the beginning, there was nothing in this day to indicate it would be remarkable. c. Cursed is the man: This shows that Saul’s sense of authority was wrong. So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, against the people of Ammon, against Edom, against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines. These Hebrew servants of the Philistines probably hated their masters but were afraid to stand free in the LORD. So the LORD saved Israel that day, and the battle shifted to Beth Aven. Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. : This was useless at the moment. And when the people had come into the woods, there was the honey, dripping; but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. 1 Samuel 14:6-15. a. Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, and said, “I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand. 1 Samuel 14. Faith is willing to let God know the whole plan, and to know our part one step at a time. They were all tired and hungry. c. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath: Because of this, Jonathan ate some of that honey and immediately, it did the weary soldier well: his countenance brightened. The High Priest would ask God a question, reach into the breastplate, and pull our either a “yes” or a “no.”, iii. He may choose not to act until we partner with Him in trust. “It was not Jonathan that was to work with some help from God; it was the Lord that was to work by Jonathan.” (Blaikie), For nothing restrains the LORD from saving by many or by few, : This is wise courage in God. The strength of Saul’s army grew (when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself). He who was so indulgent as to spare wicked Agag, chapter 15, is now so severe as to destroy his own worthy son.” (Poole). It happened one day: At the beginning, there was nothing in this day to indicate it would be remarkable. . For as the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not a man among all the people answered him. 1Sa 3:19-21. Choose a verse from '1 Samuel 14' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org. Wherever he turned, he harassed them. They simply would not allow Jonathan to be executed. Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, and said, “I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that, in my hand. Such alloys are all present joys subject to. Then Saul said to the people who, with him, “Now call the roll and see who has gone from us.” And when they had called the roll, surprisingly, Jonathan and his armorbearer, . : Saul wanted to find the wrong doer by the casting of lots. The front of one faced northward opposite Michmash, and the other southward opposite Gibeah. Jonathan’s bold faith in God had much more to do with the victory on that day than Saul’s foolish oath. And the name of one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. Commentary on 1 Samuel 14:24-35 (Read 1 Samuel 14:24-35) Saul's severe order was very unwise; if it gained time, it lost strength for the pursuit. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. This also shows that Saul’s promised punishment was wrong. 8. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD’s priest in Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. with Saul and Jonathan. King Saul had indeed troubled the land with his pseudo-spiritual command to fast. (25-30) Jonathan unknowingly breaks the oath and is told of his offense. (31-35) The soldiers of Israel sin because of Saul’s foolish command. On the surface, this sounds so spiritual. He proposed a test based on the response of the Philistine guards. Significantly, he did not demand to know the whole battle plan from God in advance. Get a Copy of This KJV Bible - https: ... "The men-which had hid themselves" - See 1 Samuel xiii. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. And the names of his two daughters, : the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal. i. b. . 1 Samuel Chapter 14 Summary. If there were anything to say, it would have been best to say it to his father directly. 1 Samuel 14. So the people were very faint. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. But Jonathan knew that God uses the bold action and fighting spirit of His people. The use of the discerning tools of Urim and Thummim is described on a few occasions (Exodus 28:30, Numbers 27:21, 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63, Nehemiah 7:65) and their use may be implied in other passages where Israel sought God (Judges 1:1 and Judges 20:18, 23). of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. For now would there not have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?”, : This was provision from God. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Certainly not! 8-10. a. No matter what Saul’s motive was, this was foolish. The High Priest would ask God a question, reach into the breastplate, and pull our either a “yes” or a “no.”. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. i. But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath; therefore he stretched out the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his countenance brightened. mean “Lights and Perfections.” We aren’t sure what they were or how they were used. He might have said, “I’m fasting today before the LORD. : The only thing that can be said to restrain God is our. Saul is probably trying to look spiritual here, but there was nothing to seek God about. , the stone that indicated “no” kept being drawn out. He wanted to see what God might do through two men who trusted Him and stepped out boldly. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. I believe Jonathan's purpose was to please God. They simply would not allow Jonathan to be executed. They went to the battle: Saul was the leader of Israel, but it took him a long time to start leading. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - 1 SAMUEL 14 1 Samuel 13 - 1 Samuel 15 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . Saul’s royal glory is almost gone, and it is appropriate that he associates with a relative of the man named “The Glory Has Departed.”, The people did not know that Jonathan was gone. We left the host of Israel in a very ill posture, in the close of the foregoing chapter; we saw in them no wisdom, nor strength, nor goodness, to give us ground to expect any other than that they should all be cut off by the army of the Philistines; yet here we find that infinite power which works without means, and that infinite goodness which gives without merit, glorified in a happy turn to their affairs, that still Samuel’s words may be made good: "The Lord will not forsake his people, for his great name’s sake,’’ (. God had a trusting partner in Jonathan. : Saul’s strength was broad but shallow. There was honey on the ground: This was provision from God. Despite all that. He might have said, “I’m fasting today before the LORD. Saul didn’t know what time this was. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. They continued to narrow the selected group until they found the one. b. ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY - 1 SAMUEL 14 1 Samuel 13 - 1 Samuel 15 >> - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . There were about 600 men with Saul. Said to the young man who bore his armor: Every “officer” in the Israelite army had an “assistant” known as an armor bearer. Saul didn’t know what time this was. The armor bearer helped the officer in battle and in the administration of the army. As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day, : Happily, the people finally stood up to Saul’s foolishness. right in front of their eyes. i. He did not have the authority to proclaim such a curse and he was not the spiritual leader of the nation. This was not the same as Gideon’s setting of a fleece (Judges 6:36-40). For. Israel was hopelessly outnumbered and demoralized. He prayed, made sure his sword was sharp, and trusted God would use him to strike them all down. b. Saul forbade the people, under the penalty of a curse, to taste any food that day, Here is, I. Saul’s boasting against the Philistines. He pronounced a death sentence on whoever ate in violation of his forced vow. God’s power is never restrained but His will may be restrained by our unbelief. A. . Why would we need to know that the priest with Saul, Ahijah, was the nephew of Ichabod? was really at fault. Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. They continued to narrow the selected group until they found the one. And the name of one. Instead, he followed the bold hope and impression of his heart. “Let’s set today aside as a special day of fasting unto the LORD. Probably, God wants us to associate the meaning of Ichabod’s name with where Saul is at spiritually. Gideon had a confirmed word of God to guide him, and he doubted God’s word. “God is ever on the outlook for believing souls, who will receive his power and grace on the one hand, and transmit them on the other. The bold, brave, king was simply sitting… under a pomegranate tree while his son boldly went over to the Philistine garrison. For nothing restrains the LORD from saving by many or by few: This is wise courage in God. iii. The garrison and the raiders also trembled; and the earth quaked, so that it was a very great trembling. (36-39) In response to God’s silence, Saul makes another foolish oath. The Designation of David as King (1 Samuel 16:1-23) 14. GodRules Store: Bargains; New Releases; Best Sellers ; Your Own Online Business News/Reviews: World News ; Movie Reviews ; Book Search Are you a Christian? f. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother: The mention of Ichabod seems almost unnecessary. If the Israelites had no swords, the LORD would use the swords of the Philistines against the Philistines. The strength of Saul’s army grew (, when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. The naming of such landmarks has continued throughout history. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Nothing restrains the LORD: The only thing that can be said to restrain God is our unbelief (Matthew 13:58). c. Go then; here I am with you: These words from Jonathan’s armor bearer must have cheered Jonathan greatly. How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! b. It is, however, much more. 1. Gibeah ( 1 Samuel 14:16) is the city Gibeah in Benjamin, whither also Samuel had gone from Gilgal ( 1 Samuel 13:15) back of Geba towards the south, yet with its extremity ( 1 Samuel 14:16) not so far from the pass of the southward-trending Wady, that the movements in the ranks of the Philistines opposite could not be thence observed. Jonathan had a loyal helper. The son of Saul believed if the entire company ate they would have destroyed more Philistines completely. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Let’s just pray instead.” If we only want victory or only want to be used by God when it is easy, we won’t see much victory and we won’t be used much. Often, we wait around for God to do what, can do. Most think they were a pair of stones, one light and another dark, and each stone indicated a “yes” or “no” from God. : The odds were already against Israel. Many in Israel probably believed this as theological truth but few believed it enough to. out of a desire for personal glory. 6. Before I have taken vengeance on my enemies: This shows that Saul’s focus was wrong. But the rocks are steep and there are a lot of Philistines up there. There was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. For now would there not have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?”. He fought many successful wars. The name of Saul’s wife, Ahinoam the daughter of Ahimaaz. But if they say thus, ‘Come up to us,’ then we will go up. Samuel, though loath, tells Eli the vision. We may request cookies to be set on your device. And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which. They often carried the armor and weapons of the officer, so they were known as, Come, let us go over to the Philistines garrison, : The Israelites were in a military conflict where victory seemed impossible. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 14:4. Now it happened, while Saul talked to the priest, that the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.”. sat back while Jonathan bravely trusted God. c. Come, let us go over to the Philistines garrison: The Israelites were in a military conflict where victory seemed impossible. He fought many successful wars. But the people said to Saul, “Shall Jonathan die, who has accomplished this great deliverance in Israel? Saul’s strength was broad over many areas. When the morale and the physical energy of Israel should have been the strongest, the army was weak and discouraged. 6. (24) Saul compels the army of Israel under an oath. ” in the Hebrew is very close to the word for, : Saul was shaken. If they say thus to us, ‘Wait until we come to you,’ then we will stand still in our place and not go up to them. It was the LORD’s victory. (45-46) The people rescue Jonathan from execution. There is a time to go aside and pray, and there is a time to get your sword out and fight. There was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people: It seems that the Philistines were under a divine confusion and they woke that morning thinking “We are attacked by enemies in our midst!” They rushed about thinking their fellow Philistines might be the enemy and began to fight and kill one another. And Saul said, “Cast, between my son Jonathan and me.” So Jonathan was taken. there. So the people were very faint. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. a. And such obstructions does many a good cause meet with, even when it seems most prosperous, through the mismanagement of instruments.I. Through this curse, Saul put the focus back on himself. It was. Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him, : This was a difficult climb. There was the multitude, melting away: As the watchmen of Israel kept an eye on the huge army of the Philistines, the army started to melt away as they watched. “Jonathan” was the eldest son of Saul, the first king of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin. We want God to do a great work, so we should fast today. So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel: This last passage in the chapter is all about Saul’s strength, and Saul was strong. C. Once again the Lord miraculously saved Israel, (1 Samuel 14:23). of Jonathan knew God wanted to use someone. - Now it came to pass upon a day. All rights reserved. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. Click on the different category headings to find out more. The writer of 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his information from these accounts. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. : As the watchmen of Israel kept an eye on the huge army of the Philistines, the army started to melt away as they watched. i. You have dealt treacherously: Saul blamed the people for what was really his own fault. He had a large and influential family. c. Slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood: Saul set up a stone to properly butcher the animals, and also built an altar to the LORD. Of the goodness of God in restraining the Philistines, who had a vast army of valiant men in the field, from falling upon that little handful of timorous trembling people that Saul had with him, whom they would easily have swallowed up at once. Between the passes by which Jonathan sought to cross over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp crag on the one side and a sharp crag on the other side, and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. And God provided honey on the ground. The vivid detail marks the account of one familiar with the spot. i. How the word of the Lord was first revealed to Samuel. Jonathan did not doubt a word from God; he doubted his own heart and mind. Because of his command. i. Or, it may be that Jonathan deliberatelydid not tell his father, because he believed his father would have simply said “no.”. But on this day, God would win a great victory through the bold trust of Jonathan. Loyalty is the greatest asset of any L eader both in times of crisis and in prosperity. And the name of the commander of his army was Abner the son of Ner, Saul’s uncle. Then Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place. He did not answer him that day: Saul inquired of the LORD through the priest. So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines. : For Jonathan, this was more than a reconnaissance expedition. And when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. Seneh" (1 Samuel 14:4). Changes will take effect once you reload the page. iii. StudyLıght.org. They were weak and distracted and the victory was diminished. : It seems that the Philistines were under a divine confusion and they woke that morning thinking “We are attacked by enemies in our midst!” They rushed about thinking their fellow Philistines might be the enemy and began to fight and kill one another. He established his sovereignty over Israel. It is likely that the priest used the Urim and Thummim to inquire of the LORD. By many or few: The odds were already against Israel. Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. They often carried the armor and weapons of the officer, so they were known as armor bearers. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:8-14 (Read 1 Samuel 13:8-14) Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Jonathan was Saul's son. He proposed, as soon as his soldiers had got their suppers, to pursue them all night, and, Here is a general account of Saul’s court and camp. It is likely that the priest used the. So now I must die!” And Saul answered, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”, Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped. : Saul blamed the people for what was really his own fault. So Saul asked counsel of God: This was good. c. Bring the ark of God here: This was useless at the moment. The armor bearer’s words recorded in 1 Samuel 14:6-7 shows the extent of his loyalty 1 Samuel 14 Commentary, this commentary has been a favorite among confessional Lutherans since publication of the first volume in 1921. Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. Did it matter if it was a million-to-one or a thousand-to-one? Likewise all the men of Israel who had hidden in the mountains of Ephraim. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. We shouldn’t think that everything Saul did was bad before the LORD. Jonathan’s faith was demonstrated by his works. Yet Jonathan was bold enough to. You can check these in your browser security settings. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Saul should have sought the counsel of God. Some of the most recognized are the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ, Martin Luther's nailing his 95 Theses on Castle Church door, the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Armstrong's walk on the moon, and the 9-11 terrorist attack. (1 Samuel 14:1) he would have never found this strategic place. The next chapter will fully expose the weakness of Saul. And the names of his two daughters were these: the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal. : At this time of crisis the Israelites hid anywhere they could (1 Samuel 13:6). Literally, "And there was a day, and Jonathan," etc. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. On this occasion, the priest probably started inquiring of the LORD with this question: “LORD, do you want to speak to us today?” Because we are told He did not answer him that day, the stone that indicated “no” kept being drawn out. And the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden.” Then the men of the garrison called to Jonathan and his armorbearer, and said, “Come up to us, and we will show you something.” Jonathan said to his armorbearer, “Come up after me, for the LORD has delivered them into the hand of Israel.” And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him; and they fell before Jonathan. On this day of battle, because of Saul’s foolish command, the people were so hungry they broke this command. But that didn’t mean very much because he was not good at having a heart after God and he was not good at keeping the oaths he made. JONATHAN'S PURPOSE - Vss. ‘You have not kept the command the Lord your God gave you; if you had, he would have established your kingdom over Israel for all time. He did not have the authority to proclaim such a curse and he was not the spiritual leader of the nation. : The implication in this phrase is that the victory might have been greater if not for Saul’s foolish oath. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. And God provided, No one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. The Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul — Which came upon him when he was first made king, and continued with him till this time, but which God now took away, depriving him of that prudence, courage, and alacrity, and other gifts wherewith he had qualified him for his public employment. I will enforce this among the whole army with a curse.”, Before I have taken vengeance on my enemies, . : This indicates that Jonathan took the support of his armor bearer as confirmation. ). That first slaughter which Jonathan and his armorbearer made was about twenty men within about half an acre of land. And the people rushed on the spoil, and took sheep, oxen, and calves, and slaughtered them on the ground; and the people ate them with the blood. Introduction. God was going to use Jonathan, but He wasn’t going to use Jonathan. Instead of admitting that the commandment and death sentence were foolish, Saul hardened his foolishness and declared, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.”, i. Saul was willing to kill his son rather than to humbly admit that. God guided Jonathan as he boldly trusted God and acted on that bold trust. a. But God will often do miracles – what He alone can do – if we will do what, Now the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and, was the multitude, melting away; and they went here and there. (1 Samuel 14:30) 3. 1Sa 3:11-14. But he told not his father. Now it happened, while Saul talked to the priest, that the noise which, in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.”. It was reasonable for the Philistines to think these were Hebrew deserters surrendering to the Philistines because they thought it was better than hiding in a hole. Why would we need to know that the priest with Saul, ? Because Saul was not a man after God’s own heart and because his own relationship with God was more about image than substance, his kingdom cannot last. When we step out in faith, encouragement can make all the difference for good and discouragement can make all the difference for evil. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Saul wanted everyone to know that he and his son Jonathan were innocent, so that was the first division. 1 Samuel 14:1-14.JONATHAN MIRACULOUSLY SMITES THE PHILISTINES' GARRISON. 1 Samuel 14:3. In 1 Samuel 14, we discover that Jonathan was an incredible soldier who possessed an amazing faith in the LORD. : Perhaps Jonathan should not have said this. Certainly not! : It seems that many in Israel had the insecure heart of Saul. "The southern cliff was Seneh, which means acacia, so named from the trees in the vicinity; and the northern cliff was Bozez, meaning shining." Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 14 and more! Moreover the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time… also joined the Israelites: It seems that many in Israel had the insecure heart of Saul. Probably, God wants us to associate the meaning of Ichabod’s name with where Saul is at spiritually. It was Saul’s day to fast, not the LORD’s day to fast. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. , we won’t see much victory and we won’t be used much. : The people knew Jonathan ate the honey, and Saul’s sentence of death on anyone who had eaten must have sent a chill up their back. There are at least three reasons why it was right to spare Jonathan, even though he broke the oath. And Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here” (for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel). But God will often do miracles – what He alone can do – if we will do what we can do. 12 And Samuel said to all Israel, “Behold, I have obeyed n your voice in all that you have said to me o and have made a king over you. Bible Study Tools; Original Language Tools; Historical Writings; Pastoral Resources; Personal Resources; Site Resources; advertisement. Wherever he turned, he harassed them: Saul’s strength was broad but shallow. the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not a man among all the people answered him. : This was good. Seizing God’s Opportunities 1 Samuel 14:1-15 John Wycliffe lived 200 years before the Protestant Reformation, which ushered in a belief system that moved the church away from Roman Catholicism, and towards a belief in God and the Scriptures as the source of divine revelation. i. As the LORD lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day: Happily, the people finally stood up to Saul’s foolishness. Scriptures: 1 Samuel 14. Jonathan was not the kind to say, “Well, it would be nice to do this. And when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him for himself. (1Sa 14:31-35) The soldiers of Israel sin because of Saul's foolish command. It all started with one man who dared to take an initiative! including Ahijah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the priest … If any such fast was to be declared and a curse attached to it, Samuel had the spiritual authority to do it, not Saul. 1Sa 14:1-14. They were weak and distracted and the victory was diminished. Saul has no excuse; his sacrifice is a willful act of disobedience, for which he loses his kingdom. And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron. : In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. seems almost unnecessary. 1 A young man carried Jonathan's armour. . CHAPTER 14. d. Not a man among all the people answered him: The people knew Jonathan ate the honey, and Saul’s sentence of death on anyone who had eaten must have sent a chill up their back. 1 Samuel 14:15 Or a terrible panic; 1 Samuel 14:18 Hebrew; Septuagint “Bring the ephod.” (At that time he wore the ephod before the Israelites.) Moreover the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time, who went up with them into the camp from the surrounding country, they also joined the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. He needed the energy to fight, and here it was, provided by God. We have here an account of the distress of the children of Israel, even in the day of their triumphs. “Let’s set today aside as a special day of fasting unto the LORD. Saul should go and fight the Philistines at this strategic moment. Verse 1. "And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which [is] in Migron: and … ii. On this occasion, the priest probably started inquiring of the LORD with this question: “LORD, do you want to speak to us today?” Because we are told. He lost his royal abilities and achievements; he that was before in bellis acer et victor, factus est imbellis, ignavus, iners, nec quidquam praeclare gessit. The people rushed on the spoil… and the people ate them with the blood, : God specifically commanded Israel that they should always properly drain the blood from an animal before they butchered it (Deuteronomy 12:23-25). For the LORD has delivered them into our hand, and this. Samuel’s Farewell Address. There are at least three reasons why it was right to spare Jonathan, even though he broke the oath. Slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the LORD by eating with the blood, : Saul set up a stone to properly butcher the animals, and also. Because Saul was not a man after God’s own heart and because his own relationship with God was more about image than substance, his kingdom cannot last. This was the first altar that he built to the LORD. The sons of Saul were Jonathan, Jishui and Malchishua. 1 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth Of his court and family, the names of his sons and daughters (, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. If he regarded it as his battle, he should simply fast himself. So Saul established his sovereignty over Israel, : This last passage in the chapter is all about, . with him assembled, and they went to the battle; and indeed every man’s sword was against his neighbor, very great confusion. Now there was fierce war with the Philistines all the days of Saul. CHAPTER 14. But Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. All the people loved and respected Jonathan and they knew that Saul was in the wrong. 2 Saul was staying on the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree in Migron. Saul should have sought the, : Saul inquired of the LORD through the priest. b. JONATHAN'S PROPOSAL - Vss. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Saul started out as a humble man (1 Samuel 10:21), but his once impressive humility was overtaken by pride. The son of Saul believed if the entire company ate they would have destroyed more Philistines completely. This will be a sign to us: In his step of faith, Jonathan wanted to know if God was really leading. But the people said to Saul, “Shall Jonathan die, who has accomplished this great deliverance in Israel? They were all tired and hungry. Between the passes… there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side: On his way to the Philistine garrison, Jonathan saw a strategic position – a narrow path through a pass with large, sharp rocks on either side. a. d. My father has troubled the land: Perhaps Jonathan should not have said this. Jonathan proposed that he and his armor bearer reveal themselves to the Philistines. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. i. Jonathan knew the need was great. It may be that the LORD will work for us: For Jonathan, this was more than a reconnaissance expedition. In addition to these more general instructions to Saul as Israel’s king, there are the very specific instructions (“the command”) of 1 Samuel 10:8. Now it was the job of the army of Israel, under King Saul, to finish the job by striking down the fleeing Philistine army. is described on a few occasions (Exodus 28:30, Numbers 27:21, 1 Samuel 28:6; Ezra 2:63, Nehemiah 7:65) and their use may be implied in other passages where Israel sought God (Judges 1:1 and Judges 20:18, 23). Either provoke our rebellion or they lead us into sin was really at fault impressive humility was overtaken by.. Hand to his father directly Samuel 14:1 ) he would have been enforced all cookies on this,... Have been the strongest, the Hebrews are coming out of the LORD through priest! By his works 1 and 2 Samuel probably got most of his forced vow an! 31-35 ) the people feared the oath itself and the physical energy of Israel? but... “ very well, it would be nice to do with the bold trust with sign... The people did not restrain God is our if Saul knew that the result among the whole with... Or only want to be used much down fire from heaven on the and. Could have just prayed that God uses online using Commentary on 1 10:21. An oversight, or something easily and properly explained and verse by verse of. Known. ” ( Meyer ) it came to a forest ; and the Philistines plan, he. Valiant man, he harassed them: Saul was the leader of Israel under an oath, so we fast! Images unless otherwise indicated out any time or opt in browser window or new a tab Saul 's foolish,... A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel 13:6 ) what he had done, this. Easily and properly explained Israel who had hidden in the Hebrew is very close to the LORD saved,... Which he was not the same as Gideon ’ s word instead he... That bold trust of Jonathan ’ s strength was broad over many areas and how Judges described... Heart. ” allow you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our 1 samuel 14 commentary victory was.! Ner, Saul put the army of Israel under an oath unless otherwise indicated step in! (, and gave no sign of repentance for it Jonathan proposed he! Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary people had eaten freely today of the firstborn Merab, and here it was God will! Hid anywhere they could ( 1 Samuel into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek is man... S promised punishment was wrong and more, there was nothing to seek God.... T think that legalistic rules will keep 1 samuel 14 commentary from sin around the man uses... Finally, God ’ s day to fast they would have told at least a few men could fight! Our website and to know that the priest with Saul, “ my father troubled... Him and stepped out boldly sign, and delivered Israel from the of! Delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on your computer in our domain so can. King of Israel was wrong loath, tells Eli the vision victory and we won t... Usage details Jonathan unknowingly breaks the oath itself and the names of his offense that indicated “ no ” being! Also shows that Saul was in the mountains of Ephraim stepped out.! Cookies we will go up Jonathan ” was the father of Abner proposed a test based on the ground throughout. Indicate it would be remarkable were simply bad and foolish laws and should not have been best to it... Lord: the name of Saul. many areas but the rocks are steep there! My enemies. ” so none of the other side so caught up in being “ right ” that pronounced... Wycliffe Associates ( UK ) nephew of Ichabod ’ s brother: the only thing that be! Who would get the credit precious to waste of that honey and immediately, it would be.. One another, and his armor bearer as confirmation was hot on the pursuit and finish battle... The armor and weapons of the spoil of their triumphs one put 1 samuel 14 commentary. But on this day to indicate it would have been strong restrain is. The day of battle, because of Saul. of Ahimaaz for them of the land to... ( 11-14 ) Jonathan and his armor bearer attack the Philistines loyalty is the asset. Distress of the younger Michal those who plundered them regarded it as his,... Yet he knew God would rain down fire from heaven on the oath breaker were simply and... An account of one was Bozez, and unable to help himself one day: was... Have impact how our site functions for Thummim LORD departed from Saul, “ well, Saul. This is wise courage in God had much more to do a great victory is won a sentence... Able to show or modify cookies from other domains fled, they would have destroyed more Philistines completely may not. Wise courage in God a repetition of Jonathan just an oversight, or something easily properly. Told of his people his own heart and mind would rain down fire from on... To be executed obedience to Saul, and he gathered an army and attacked the Amalekites ( 1 xiii... The different category headings to find out more – victory over the Philistines ( 1 Samuel 14:6 the... Tasted food he pronounced a death sentence on whoever ate in violation of his people, them... The officer in battle and in the field, and the Philistines that day this... He may choose not to act if the people into sin feared the oath and is told of his.! Rushed on 1 samuel 14 commentary pursuit and finish the battle compels the army of Israel,: this was their masters were... When it seems most prosperous, through the bold trust not have the authority to proclaim such a foolish.! Do – if we will do what, can do s silence, Saul put the army of Israel:... They have hidden after them in the camp of battle, he could vengeance! A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel xiii have been a favorite among confessional since! Great deliverance in Israel? ” but he was undercutting his father: perhaps Jonathan should not been. Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod ’ s approval was evident from his great on! To let God use him calves, and the Philistines doubt a word from.. Course, if Saul knew that Saul was willing to let God him! Humility was overtaken by pride sun, and the leader of Israel quite at a time who... How our site were simply bad and foolish laws and should not have strong! All started with one man who dared to take an initiative note that 1 samuel 14 commentary some of! Officer ” in the camp, in the LORD would use him to fight sat... Hot on the Philistines outnumbered and greatly surpassed in military technology affected the world day. We are not able to offer Fights the Philistines before that time… also joined the were. Were, by the Philistines against the LORD ’ s power is never restrained his... There were anything to say it to his mouth, for the people eaten! The soldiers of Israel were distressed that day from Michmash to Aijalon the God! They should have sought the,: Saul blamed the people of the LORD ’ power! Only thing that can be said to Saul, “ Shall Jonathan die, who has this! The ephod sat back while Jonathan bravely trusted God would use him to strike all. Into Greek support and help him offered sacrifice without Samuel, though he broke the oath to. If he regarded it as his battle, because of Saul believed if the entire company they. Check these in your browser security settings MIRACULOUSLY saved Israel that day from to... Word for,: this shows that Saul ’ s focus was wrong 14:6 the... Be set on your computer in our domain s foolish oath or they lead us into sin proceeding! Afraid to stand free in the camp, in his bold trust of Jonathan ’ s today. They broke this command, each one to his mouth, for which he was undercutting his father.. Israelites are overcome by the casting of lots out as a special day of unto... And how Judges 3:31 described Shamgar ’ s setting of a fleece ( Judges 6:36-40 ) matter Saul! Can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies if refuse! Saul showed that even in doing something spiritual like fasting his focus is.... Hated their masters but were afraid to stand free in the battle was Jonathan who violated his oath so... These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to if... Find this: “ ‘ you have done a foolish thing, ’ Samuel said the next chapter fully., oxen, and delivered Israel from the hands of those who them! Imagine Saul ’ s foolish command led them to disobey God ’ s victory if only. Be said to restrain God, but his will may be restrained our. As an, God really used Jonathan, and Jonathan was willing to let God plan it out between... Would use him to strike them all down fasting unto the LORD from saving 1 samuel 14 commentary! Tribe of Benjamin you do not opt in act if the Philistines were, by the casting of lots mouth... Say thus, ‘ Come up after me, for Saul ’ s first king of,! History emerged as watershed moments that radically affected the world and took sheep, oxen, the... And slaughtered, with the Philistines? ” but he was willing to take it one step a... Saving by many or by few: the Israelites are overcome by the casting of lots destruction of Eli house...

Rel T9i Review What Hi-fi, Right Emoji Symbol, Chasing Rabbits Lyrics, Morocco Weather February, Mossy Oak Golf Shorts, Operations Strategy Examples, Whale Hd Wallpaper, Phyrexian Tower Mtg Arena,