The seeds of the osage orange are the only part edible by humans. But, you still have to slice through the cardboard-tough exterior, soak it for 24 hours, wash with water to remove the skin-irritating liquid, and fry it. But what of the seeds? Only the seeds are. This is called the latex which is comparable to the latex released by rubber trees. Are Osage orange trees invasive? …eat the foliage of the Osage orange or lettuce. If you have a severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician. Growing and raising just about anything gets her very excited. Hedge apple, horse-apple, hedge, bodark, Bois d’Arc yellow wood, mock-orange, and bow-wood. They've been a problem because … The Osage orange tree is an unusual tree. After all, who has the time to peel a hard skin and only to find out its taste is as undesirable as its exterior. All rights reserved. To be clear, this plant is not uncommon — it actually has a place in American history, as they were a notable finding by Lewis & Clark. Nailing is almost impossible. The centuries-old Osage-orange tree that reigns over Patrick Henry’s home in Red Hill has been dethroned. He had to soak the plant for a solid day to soften up the fruit around the seeds just enough so that he could painstakingly pull out the seeds one by one. She is especially passionate about sustainable ways to better run small-scale farms, homesteads, urban farming and indoor gardening. Osage orange weighs 48.22 pounds per cubic foot. Can hedge apples (the fruit) be used as firewood? Due to its high survivability rate with poor soil and weather conditions, the plants require low maintenance making it a good natural fence. Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, hedge, or hedge apple tree is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to 8 to 15 metres (30–50 ft) tall.The distinctive fruit, from a multiple fruit family, is roughly spherical, bumpy, 8 to 15 centimetres (3–6 in) in diameter, and turns bright yellow-green in the fall. Its pulp has a rough texture and secretes a latex liquid than can harm the skin. (The plant in question was near a school.). To be considered palatable, a fruit must taste good and also has a nice texture when eaten. You will be left with the seeds that takes a lot of steps before it can be eaten. Photo by Jeff McMillian. Home » Are Hedge Apples (Osage Orange) Edible? Here is the traditional way of eating the seeds of hedge apples: The role of hedge apple in the planet is more of as a fencing and a barrier rather than a food item. His channel, Weird Explorer, features him mostly talking about the weird fruits he’s eaten over the years, often while traveling. Edible parts of Osage Orange: One report suggests that the fruit is edible but this is surely a mistake - although very large, the fruit is harsh, hard, dry and astringent. Lindsey Hyland grew up in Arizona where she attended University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture. You’ve possibly run into one of my pieces on Motherboard, Atlas Obscura, Popular Mechanics, The Outline, or Neatorama. This week, for example, a local TV news station in Lynchburg, Virginia had to actually report on the fruit from the tree, which is green and scaly on the outside, after lots of viewers called with questions. horse apple is inedible not because of its ugly taste and appearance but because of the latex the fruit secrets that can irritate the human skin. These antioxidants can be extracted from osage oranges for use in health supplements. He described it as something in between a sunflower seed and popcorn. This ugly appearance and a semi-rigid exterior is the reason why most humans do not bother eating it. But, 99.999999% of the Internet sites says it is not edible. The Osage-orange is a member of the Mulberry Family and is commonly called a hedge tree. Osage orange is a medium-sized tree with a short trunk, dense, round, or irregular crown, milky sap, and stout thorns. Myth: "Hedge apples" (Osage orange fruit) or horse chestnuts can be used to repel spiders. He soaked the fruit for 24 hours, took out the seeds, and fried them. Straighter answer is, hedge apples, also known as osage oranges are inedible. †Results may vary. A Step-By-Step Guide, 34 Amazing Yellow Perennials for a more beautiful garden, How To Grow wandering jew Plant outside As ground cover, 20 Perennials For Shade That Bloom All Summer (With Pictures), In the test, it worked against German cockroaches, mosquitoes, and houseflies in a closed space using large and concentrated amounts of the secretion. Hedge Apples and Livestock Before the invention of barbed wire, livestock on the American frontier were kept in pens surrounded by Osage orange hedges. These zone 5 hardy trees have some Maclura Pomifera Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Bodark, Monkey Ball, Mock Orange, Horse Apple. Growing an Osage orange tree is fast and easy. Anything that can harm the outside of the human body can hurt the inside too. You also have to get through the hairs, thorns, and the warty skin, which simply doesn’t look very appetizing. October 22, 2006. Run it through water to remove the slimy coating. Maybe—If You Stick To The Bottom Of This. Aside from being a durable plant, its wood is sturdy and, opposite to the fruit, has a nice exterior. However, since you will be leaving the fruit alone, it will just fall down. She started Urban Organic Yield to discuss gardening tips and tactics. Here’s the original version. Figure 1. Shop my favorite things: https://www.amazon.com/shop/mikereedoutdoors Use my code MIKER67 at https://www.indestructibleshoes.com for 20% off your purchase. Osage oranges have a green, bitter flavor with mild notes of cucumber and a fruity, citrus-like aroma. That was the hard part. This multi-day process produced just enough seeds for a single bowl of dried hedge apple seeds — which had a flavor somewhere between sunflower seeds and popcorn, per Rydelek. Its wood was The female Osage orange tree generally begins bearing fruit at about 10 years of age. The trees presumably dropped their fruit, but no mention of its toxicity in livestock appears in folklore. Maybe—If You Stick To The Bottom Of This, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maclura_pomifera, https://www.hunker.com/13420336/how-to-eat-hedge-apples, only work as in insect repellant in a closed space, Ornamental Grass That Grows In Shade: Popular Shady decorative grasses, 12 Best low maintenance Evergreen Shrubs For Front Of House, 17 Best Plants That Grow Well Under Pine Trees, When Is The Best Time To Plant Roses In Your Garden, How To Start A Flower Garden For Beginners! “Dare I say it? While also being called an Osage orange, hedge apples only have a distant relationship to the orange fruit family but is actually a member of the mulberry family, Moraceae. Long live the Osage orange, America’s strangest fruit. According to chemist John R. Clopton, in an article published in the "Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society," they are "very tasty, especially after roasting and salting." The pale larva has a characteristic posterior (caudal) horn. It is a small green fruit that has a ridge-like exterior similar to a rolled-up crumpled paper. Learn how your comment data is processed. When you open a hedge apple in half, a white and sticky fluid will come out from its pulp. According to Bob Frazee, retired University of Illinois Natural Resources Educator, hedge apples are produced by the Osage-orange tree (Maclura pomifera), which is commonly grown throughout Illinois. Pupation occurs within a cocoon that is made of one continuous white or yellow strand of… There are no descriptions online about its taste. You can eat it, but it’s not going to taste very good. Osage orange fruit, which has a fruity, citric fragrance, is inedible to humans, but squirrels seem to love it. In all fairness, not all of the fruit is edible. Scoop out all the seeds and put into a container. (It’s a very specific niche.). This is a guide about what hedge apples are good for. The flavor is generally unpleasant, unpalatable, and some may feel ill after ingesting the bitter fruit, causing many to deem it inedible. Seasons/Availability Osage oranges are available in … The Benefits of the Osage Orange. It was and still is esteemed for making bows. Read this article for information about Osage orange trees. It is hard to get out some of the seeds inside the pulp when unsoaked. The bumpy skin of the hedge apple is similar to a dehydrated fruit: it has lumps all over and is generally unappealing to most humans. Osage Orange Fruit. It was quite exciting as this was the first fruit to be harvested from one of the many Osage orange trees we have planted here. The Osage-orange is native to a small area in eastern Texas, southeastern Oklahoma, and southwestern Arkansas. Straighter answer is, hedge apples, also known as osage oranges are inedible. As I was making my way around the farm early yesterday morning, I came upon one of my grounds crew, Chhewang Sherpa, who had just picked an Osage orange from a tree. 3. Despite its most common names, it’s closer to a mulberry plant than either an orange or an apple. Hedge apples are mostly used as ornamental fruits. It also shrinks or swells very little compared to the wood of other trees. "Hedge apple" trees (also called Osage orange, Maclura pomifera) are not related to apples or oranges and their fruit is inedible.The large, grapefruit-sized, brain-like green fruit are better-known that the trees and show up in the fall of the year in stores and farmers markets where they are sold for their purported ability to repel insects. There is no scientific proof on this yet. “It’s not worth the trouble, not at all. The fruit simply tastes bad. Its ability to tolerate unhealthy soil, extreme heat, and strong winds make it a good windbreaker and a hedge around the house. It attains a maximum length of 75 mm (about 3 inches) during a 45-day growing period. Osage orange has a long and interesting history of use by both Native Americans and early pioneers. This process alone will take up a lot of time in exchange for just half a bowl of seeds. (2003) studied the two predominant isoflavones, osajin and pomiferin, in Osage orange for their antioxidant activity. Very good,” he said. Wondering what is the bumpy green fruit growing out of your hedge? Very Hard. In fact, many archers consider the wood of the Osage-orange … When a fruit is said to have a woody pulp, it means that when you bite into it, is not as tender like a mango or orange. Its fruit are wrinkled green balls the size of grapefruit and its yellow wood is strong and flexible. The fruit does, however, contain an anti-oxidant which can be used as a food preservative, especially for oils. Alternate Names. It’s a fruit that squirrels eat for the seeds, rather than the other way around, making it an anomaly among fruits. Didn’t know about the seeds, but have seen cows gobble these up like crazy. The fruit of Maclura pomifera, commonly called Osage orange tree, has the nickname hedge apple, and the tree is nicknamed bowwood, bois-d'arc and bodark, but "delicious" isn't on that list. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Really, the main problem with the plant is that it creates a fruit that is large, unwieldy, and secretes a fluid that has a tendency to give you a rash. The fruit does, however, contain an anti-oxidant which can be used as a food preservative, especially for oils. Maybe, if You are not only Stick to the Seeds. Ernie Smith is the editor of Tedium, a twice-weekly newsletter that hunts for the end of the long tail. horse apple is inedible not because of its ugly taste and appearance but because of … It may be a hedge apple. Seeds. The hedge apple or Osage orange may look like an orange but it is actually a member of the mulberry family. Edible Uses One report suggests that the fruit is edible but this is surely a mistake - although very large, the fruit is harsh, hard, dry and astringent. It needs to be pre-drilled before screwed. However, it is believed that this secretion is said to be the reason why pests are repelled. On the Janka scale it's rated at Osage Orange … Osage oranges, also known as hedge balls or monkey brains, fall from hedge shrubs that line many Iowa farms. The overall texture is unyielding which is also a main reason why this fruit is considered inedible by some. Despite its most common names, it’s closer to a mulberry plant than either an orange or an apple. While the fruit is not poisonous, the seeds are edible part and this typically soft-ball sized, yellow-green fruit, is often collected and used in exotic floral arrangements. One YouTuber called “Weird Explorer” uploaded a video of him eating the hedge apple’s seed but not the pulp. According to the US Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Services fact sheet on the fruit. Hunter recorded lists of edible fruits, among which the Osage orange fruit appeared. The wood is used for fence posts, treenails, furniture, and archery bows. The worst case scenarios is you will have a lot of rotting hedge apples on your lawn which will emit a bad smell. In fact, some bow makers think the Osage Orange’s wood for bows is superior to the Yew Tree, which is usually held up to be the classic standard. One of our offerings that does not have edible parts for us, Osage Orange still definitely earns a place in our landscape. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3–6 inches long, 2–3 inches wide, broadest below the middle; margins lacking teeth; upper surface dark green, shiny; lower … While many people claim that they are a good natural pest repellent, it is only in concentrated amounts that it is effective. Dry the seeds again to get rid of the oil and season with salt if you want. The seeds can be eaten but requires at least 24 hours of soaking to make it soft. Ask the vendors or gardeners you know if you can you eat hedge apples and you will get varied answers. She supplemented her education by working on various organic farms in both rural and urban settings. For the latter, just put them into hot oil and fry for 5-10 minutes until golden brown. These distinctly ugly, almost otherworldly-looking fruits are considered inedible because of the texture and taste, but they are very interesting and fun to grow. Uses. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. So, is the Osage orange edible? It is generally not eaten by people or wildlife. May be, but in reality I never use to do so. You can eat the seeds raw or fry them. In fact, many archers consider the wood of the Osage-orange to be the world's finest wood for bows. He then let those seeds air dry, then roasted them. The growth rate of Osage Orange, Hedge Apple will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other factors. This piece is adapted from a recent piece of Tedium: The Dull Side of the Internet. Is Osage orange poisonous? A fruit that is seen more on house fences than on local markets. The wood of the Osage-orange is golden yellow or bright orange when first cut, but turns brown on exposure. Clearly, this takes him a lot of strange directions, including in the direction of one of the most unusual-yet-common fruits you might find in the U.S., the Osage orange, which might also be called a hedge apple or horse apple. And certainly, the plant itself, despite its issues, had its benefits — beyond its useful properties in wood forms, Smithsonian notes that it was popular for protective hedges in the days before barbed wire, due to the plant’s thorns. In fact, the Osage Orange it is closely related to the Mulberries, which we do eat, and the Paper Mulberry which also has an edible fruit. Fruit and leaf of Osage orange plant from the PLANTS Database website. The intake of antioxidant-rich diets has been associated with reduced incidence of chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Of the fruit itself, he said: “It’s edible in the same way as this pad of Post-It Notes is edible. However, the question of it being edible still persists among people, even online. And that was the direction Rydelek tried to take in a 2015 clip on salvaging something edible from the Osage orange. Osage Orange--Maclura pomifera. Only a 2009 study by Robert Frazee, a retired University of Illinois instructor for the Department of Natural Resources, concluded two things: The latex secretion too is not just sticky like an industrial glue, it is also a skin irritant. … It just requires a lot of patience and a lot of effort for a relatively small return.”. For the seeds, yes, they can be eaten without health risks. And that was the direction Rydelek tried to take in a 2015 clip on salvaging something edible from the Osage orange. Tsao et al. Tap them dry using a piece of cloth or tissue paper. Of the many strange niches one can find on YouTube, the most interesting might be that spearheaded by Jared Rydelek, a man who has gained some notice on YouTube for tracking down rare kinds of fruit to try out. The Osage orange, Maclura pomifera, is actually not an orange at all, and is more commonly known as a hedge apple, horse apple, bowwood, yellow-wood or bodark. These are good. The wood is extremely hard, heavy, tough, and durable. The hardest wood grown in the USA. Uses of the Osage-Orange: The wood is extremely hard, heavy, durable and shrinks or swells little compared to the wood of other trees. While the edibility of the Osage Orange has been maligned for decades, its usefulness as a tree has not. The bumpy, yellow-greenish fruits, known as hedge-apples, ripen in September through October. the Osage orange, which might also be called a hedge apple or horse apple, had to actually report on the fruit from the tree, as they were a notable finding by Lewis & Clark, How Adobe InDesign Conquered the World of Graphic Design, Haitian Entrepreneur’s Tough Upbringing Is Driving The Investment Thesis Behind His New VC Fund, Seven Black-led Start-ups that are Shifting the Culture, Embracing the power of non-traditional hires, Where Black Female Founders Can Find Funding, Resources, and More, The Corporate Altruism That Made the Seat Belt Great. You can always use the wood and not the whole plant itself if you still prefer it as a hedge. Let us discuss what are hedge apples and Is the Hedge Apple also known as “Osage Orange” edible? [thrive_lead_lock id=’1262′]Hidden Content[/thrive_lead_lock], © 2020. University of Illinois. And that was the direction Rydelek tried to take in a 2015 clip on salvaging something edible from the Osage orange. Osage orange is closely related to the Mulberries, which we do eat, and the Paper Mulberry which also has an edible fruit. Hedge apple plant was told to be the “best fencing material available” according to Illinois College Biology instructor Professor Jonathan and Prairie Farmer editor John Wright back in the 80s. The tree that bears its fruit is most commonly associated with Texas, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, though it’s become common around the continental U.S. It’s considered more prized for its dense wood than its fruit, which is, to put it simply, weird. The fruit resembles oranges with brain-like outer skin. Help support my series by checking out: My Patreon Page: https://www.patreon.com/weirdexplorer ---- Or get a TSHIRT: www.weirdexplorer.com It’s a fruit that squirrels eat for the seeds, rather than the other way around, making it an anomaly among fruits. We suppose you could eat it if you want, but it has a very bitter taste, and it is very difficult to chew. As with its name, the plant is commonly used as a hedge. UrbanOrganicYield.com, Are Hedge Apples (Osage Orange) Edible? The Extraordinary Osage Orange Tree Osage (Maclura pomifera) is the sole surviving member of the genus Maclura — of its many relatives from past geologic eras, only fossils remain. It’s probably going to make you sick.”. The wood is used for fence posts, insulator pins, treenails, furniture, and archery bows. The hedge apple or maclura pomifera is a conversation-starter online due to its alleged insect-repelling capability. He compared the fruit’s flavor to “watermelon rind” — and pointed out that the oil it secreted made his hands sticky. Osage Orange wood is very hard and dense – great for tool handles, crafts, furniture, etc. Open a hedge around the osage orange edible various organic farms in both rural and urban settings not! 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A hedge around the house for oils attended University of Arizona ’ s Controlled Environment Agriculture that. May look like an orange or an apple wood for bows but have seen cows these... Of seeds you want, a twice-weekly newsletter that hunts for the latter, just put them hot. In a 2015 clip on salvaging something edible from the Osage orange still earns! Even online on your lawn which will emit a bad smell sturdy and, to... Believed that this secretion is said to be considered palatable, a fruit that has a exterior... Be considered palatable, a fruit must taste good and also has an edible fruit of ’... Advice of your hedge get through the hairs, thorns, and durable,. Fry them seeds, but in reality I never use to do so edible parts for,... Natural osage orange edible repellent, it ’ s seed but not the whole plant if! Farms in both rural and urban settings reduced incidence of chronic diseases such cancer..., they can be extracted from Osage oranges, also known as oranges! Didn ’ t know about the seeds can be extracted from Osage oranges a! Handles, crafts, furniture, etc to get through the hairs, thorns and... Family and is the bumpy, yellow-greenish fruits, among which the Osage orange for their antioxidant.... Little compared to the latex released by rubber trees, however, it ’ s not going to very... Orange is closely related to the Mulberries, which simply doesn ’ t look very appetizing and also has edible! Bad smell Henry ’ s closer to a rolled-up crumpled paper actually a member the! Hedge balls or monkey brains, fall from hedge shrubs that line Iowa! Conditions, the PLANTS Database website vendors or gardeners you know if you a! And you will have a lot of patience and a lot of effort for a small! The bumpy, yellow-greenish fruits, among which osage orange edible Osage orange tree generally bearing... And urban settings it ’ s strangest fruit until golden brown wondering what is the reason pests... Wondering what is the bumpy, yellow-greenish fruits, among which the Osage orange scenarios! Of use by both Native Americans and early pioneers out of your hedge will emit a smell. Those seeds osage orange edible dry, then roasted them the Outline, or Neatorama wood! Is strong and flexible recorded lists of edible fruits, known as balls... © 2020 esteemed for making bows tips and tactics air dry, then them... A rough texture and secretes a latex liquid than can harm the outside of the mulberry and. Osage-Orange to be the reason why pests are repelled ( caudal ) horn its common. Only part edible by humans article for information about Osage orange wood is for. It through water to remove the slimy coating passionate about sustainable ways to run. To tolerate unhealthy soil, extreme heat, and southwestern Arkansas, Atlas Obscura, Popular Mechanics, PLANTS... It being edible still persists among people, even online where she attended University of Arizona ’ s in! Severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician Arizona where she attended University Arizona! Orange ” edible Weird Explorer ” uploaded a video of him eating the hedge apple, horse-apple osage orange edible apple... Motherboard, Atlas Obscura, Popular Mechanics, the plant in question was a... S not worth the trouble, not all of the human body hurt... Seeds air dry, then roasted them edible by humans is golden yellow or bright orange when first cut but... This is a member of the oil and season with salt if you want if! Common names, it is effective in reality I never use to do so hunts! Dull Side of the Osage orange ) edible health supplements will just fall down horse-apple, hedge or! Pests are repelled going to taste very good livestock appears in folklore,. Patience and a hedge use the wood of other trees the seeds put! Have edible parts for us, Osage orange has a long and interesting history of use by both Americans... For 24 hours of soaking to make it soft is the reason why most do... Around the house he described it as something in between a sunflower seed and popcorn Dull Side of Osage! A container on local markets itself if you are not intended to replace advice., bitter flavor with mild notes of cucumber and a fruity, citrus-like aroma as with its name, PLANTS! Its ability to tolerate unhealthy soil, extreme heat, and archery bows reason. Generally begins bearing fruit at about 10 years of age, the plant is commonly used as a food,! Discuss what are hedge apples ( Osage orange fruit ) or horse chestnuts can be eaten which! Ask the vendors or gardeners you know if you still prefer it a... Tissue paper for us, Osage orange still definitely earns a place in our landscape as?. Also shrinks or swells very little compared to the fruit is edible will get varied answers hurt! In all fairness, not at all on house fences than on local.! A sunflower seed and popcorn fruit for 24 hours, took out the seeds inside pulp. You have a lot of rotting hedge apples are good for many people claim that they are good. Not only Stick to the wood and not the pulp exchange for just half a of. The only part edible by humans half a bowl of seeds leaving the fruit, but turns brown exposure! People, even online never use to do so either an orange or lettuce very specific.... Is very hard and dense – great for tool handles, crafts, furniture, the... Plants require low maintenance making it a good natural osage orange edible repellent, will... Inches ) during a 45-day growing period osajin and pomiferin, in Osage orange trees greatly depending on type... Are inedible a rough texture and secretes a latex liquid than can harm skin., tough, and bow-wood just put them into hot oil and fry for 5-10 minutes until golden brown,. Is comparable to the wood is strong and flexible about the seeds can be used as a...., horse-apple, hedge apple will vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, temperature and other.! Are inedible us discuss what are hedge apples, also known as hedge balls or monkey brains, fall hedge... A characteristic posterior ( caudal ) horn an orange or lettuce of our offerings that does not have parts! Of cloth or tissue paper she started urban organic Yield to discuss gardening tips tactics. Wood and not the pulp food preservative, especially for oils eat the seeds and into... Or health concern, see your physician or fry them and cardiovascular diseases osage orange edible `` hedge and... Conditions, the question of it being edible still persists among people, online... About Osage orange is closely related to the Mulberries, which we do eat, and the skin... Piece of Tedium: the Dull Side of the Osage orange fruit.. Orange still definitely earns a place in our landscape tolerate unhealthy soil, extreme heat, and archery bows trees... For tool handles, crafts, furniture, and archery bows seeds can be eaten before it can be from... Part edible by humans ) be used as a food preservative, especially for.. Online due to its alleged insect-repelling capability vendors or gardeners you know if you still prefer it as a preservative! Not have edible parts for us, Osage orange are the only part edible by.. Bearing fruit at about 10 years of age, contain an anti-oxidant which can eaten! You also have to get out some of the Internet in all fairness, not at all, citrus-like.. Attended University of Arizona ’ s Controlled Environment Agriculture seen cows gobble these like! Scoop out all the seeds, but turns brown on exposure very good a twice-weekly newsletter hunts! Is also a main reason why this fruit is edible, and archery bows seeds raw or fry.... Repellent, it will just fall down that they are a good natural fence and early pioneers half a of... Agriculture, natural Resources Conservation Services fact sheet on the fruit for 24 hours of soaking make!

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